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Travel Information and Tips
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Tanzania can truly claim to be the home of "safari" since the word is Kiswahilli for a journey. And there's no better place to enjoy the enriching wildlife experience than Tanzania. The country's game viewing experiences are widely regarded as the best in Africa. It's the place to see seemingly endless herds of wildebeest and zebras trekking across the plains on their annual migrations followed by the predators, lion, cheetah and hyena. It's elephant country, boasting some of the largest populations in the world. And it's home to chimpanzees, now so rarely seen in the wild. Tanzania boats beautiful beaches end hundreds of miles of palm-fringed sands; its lakes are huge and bountiful with fish; its cities are relaxed and friendly; its islands, Zanzibar, Pemba and Mafia, live up to their exotic images. Yet this, the largest country in Eastern Africa, is untouched by the holiday making hordes of mass tourism. The remains of one of the earliest humans were discovered in Tanzania, so the country can lay claim to the title, "The Cradle of Mankind". The Ngorongoro Crater is the largest crater in the world, a vast amphitheater teeming with game; while the snowcapped majesty of Mount Kilimanjaro inspired Hemingway to write a novel. It was in Tanzania that Stanley uttered those famous words, "Dr. Livingstone I presume" when he tracked down the Scottish explorer after a long trek into the interior. Indeed, Tanzania was a magnet for several Victorian explorers who made epic journeys of discovery in search of the source of the Nile.
Tanzania is the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar. The United Republic of Tanzania was formed in 1964 when Tanganyika on the African mainland united with the offshore Island State of Zanzibar. The Republic lies on the east African coast between 1° and 11°45' South, and 29°20' and 40°35' east. Kenya and Uganda border it to the north; Rwanda, Burundi and Congo to the west, and Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique to the south. Dodoma, its political capital is in the center of the country. Dar Es Salaam, the economic capital is on the coast. Tanzania covers an area of 945.166 sq. km (364.929 square miles). It is one of the largest countries in sub-Saharan Africa, larger than Kenya and Uganda combined. To put it in a European context, Tanzania is about 41/2 times the size of Britain; in an American context, it's about 11/2 times the size of Texas. The total population of Tanzania is about 45 million (2012 estimate), of which roughly 1,303,569 live on Zanzibar. Apart from the towns the most densely populated areas tend to be the highlands, especially those around Lake Nyasa and Kilimanjaro. There are estimated to be 120 linguistic groups in Tanzania None exceeds 10% of the country's total population. The most numerically significant groups are the Sukoma of Lake Victoria, the Hehe of Iringa, the Gogo of Dodoma, the Chagga of Kilimanjaro and the Nyamwezi of Tabora.
Like most things in Tanzania, the weather is greatly dictated by geographic location. Rains, humidity levels and temperatures vary throughout the country. Most parts of Tanzania (with the exception of the central plateau) experience two rains during the year, separated by a dry season having an average length of five-and-a-half months. The "long rains" usually occur from March until May, while the "short rains" generally arrive around the month of October and continue falling until December. Large sections of the country are virtually impossible to navigate once the rains arrive (although the scenery, as a result of the luxuriant regeneration of plant life and trees, is magnificent and can be well worth the time and effort). It is advisable to make use of a four-wheel-drive vehicle at this time of year. The coastal area is hot and humid for most of the year, with temperatures ranging from 20 to 30 °C (68-86 °F). Weather conditions are determined by monsoon winds, which blow from north to east from October to February, and south to east for the rest of the year. The average humidity is 78%. The dry season savannah of Tanzania's central plateau receives rainfall only once a year and is generally warm and dry with temperatures averaging 27 °C (81 °F). Highland zones in the Northeast (Kilimanjaro, Pare and Usambara), east (Uluguru) and south (Livingstone, Poroto, Rungwe) of the country are quite pleasant with balmy clear days. March is usually the warmest month, with an average temperature of 21 °C (70 °F), while June is the coolest with an average temperature of 15 °C (59 °F). Evenings and mornings throughout the year can be quite chilly and it is advisable always to have a warm sweater or jacket at hand.
Visas are required for all, except citizens of the Commonwealth, Scandinavian countries and the Republic of Ireland. Before departure, you can obtain a visa from the Tanzanian Embassy. You can also get your visa at the major entry points such as Dar Es Salaam, Kilimanjaro and Zanzibar International Airports, Namanga, Tunduma, Holili, Taveta, Sirari and Horohoro.
Yellow fever vaccination: recommended on the mainland and compulsory in Zanzibar. Visitors are advised to take anti-malaria tablets for beach holidays. Contact your doctor before departure. Personal insurance is advised.
After independence Tanzania became one of the most staunchly socialist countries in Africa, but since the mid-1980s there has been a swing to free market Systems. Tanzania is considered to be one of the five poorest countries in the world, with a per capita GNP of US$1 50 (1990). Less than 10% of the workforce is in formal employment; most Tanzanians have a subsistence lifestyle. The country's major exports are coffee, cotton, cashew nuts, sisal, tobacco, tea and diamonds. Zanzibar and Pemba are important clove producers. Gold, tin and coal are also mined.
KiSwahili and English are the official languages. Little English is spoken outside of the larger towns, but most Tanzanians speak KiSwahili.
The unit of currency is the Tanzanian Shilling (pronounced Shillings), which is divided into 100 cents. Please contact us for exchange rates. Traveler cheques are exchangeable in some places. Major credit cards are accepted in the larger hotels but it is advisable to carry cash.
Tanzania is three hours ahead of GMT.
Tanzania's power system is 230 volts AC, 50 Hz. Plugs are both round two-pin and square three-pin, with the square pin being the more predominant. Hotels, lodges and tented camps usually have sockets in the tents; sometimes they only have them in common areas or offices for visitors to charge their batteries.
Three international airports: Dar Es Salaam, Kilimanjaro and Zanzibar. Several international airlines connect Tanzania with the rest of the world.
For safaris in the north, during the day, light clothing. Sturdy shoes are recommended. Canvas hats. At night casual wear with a light cardigan or a pull over (for altitudes between 1.500 m in Arusha and 2.400 m in Ngorongoro). On the coast summer wear. For Kilimanjaro or other treks, check at our Nepali website. To bring sunscreen, lotions, sunglasses, mosquito cream and binoculars.
There are a variety of foods. You'll find international cuisine in the hotels, restaurants and lodges. On the coast fish and lobsters with local dishes such as biryanis and meat or fish curries. Specialties: spiced tea or coffee and "halua", a sweet desert with almonds
The protection of nature is everyone's concern. On safari, do not collect or buy bones, skins, horns, teeth, feathers or shells. And on the coast do not bring back coral, shells or starfish, which play an important role in the fragile ecosystem. Do not litter where others are expected to visit. The protection of cultures is also everyone s concern The guides know the local habits and customs. It is always advisable to ask someone's permission before taking his/her photograph.
Locally made products are available at good prices. On the mainland, you can find batiks, the Tingatinga paintings, objects in ebony (cutters, bracelets, sculptures, furniture), basket work (baskets, hats, rugs), beaded Maasai necklaces, precious jewels (gold, diamonds tanzanites and other stones). In Zanzibar, you can find textiles (wrap-a rounds - kikol for men and khanga for women), carved chests, perfumes, natural lotions and spices.


Popular Safari Packages (With a min of 4 pax each)
6Days Lodge Safari
from US$3,166